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Oceans and fisheries


Sustainable fisheries partnership agreement with Madagascar

A new sustainable fisheries partnership agreement between the EU and Madagascar and implementing protocol has been signed on 30 June 2023 with a public financial contribution of €7,200,000 for the whole duration of the protocol (4 years), out of which €4,400,000 is to be dedicated to the support of the fisheries policy of Madagascar.

This fisheries agreement allow EU vessels mainly from Spain, Portugal, Italy and France to fish in the Malagasy waters and is part of the tuna network fisheries agreements, in the south-west zone of the Indian Ocean.

Main features of the SFPA

Duration of the agreement

4 years (01.07.2023-30.06.2027)  

Duration of the protocol

4 years (01.07.2023-30.06.2027)   

Nature of the SFPA

Tuna fishery agreement, in the framework of the IOTC convention area

Financial contribution

€1,800,000 per year out of which €1,100,000 has been earmarked for the support of the Malagasy fisheries policy in order to promote sustainability in its waters.

Fee for ship owners

€85 per tonne caught

€2.5/GT for the environmental tax for every ship


Tuna seiners: €16,150/year (ref. yearly catches: 190 t) (max. 32 vessels)
Surface longliners >100 GT: € 4,930/year (ref catches: 58 t) (max. 13 vessels)
Surface longliners = or < 100 GT: € 3,145/year (ref catches: 37 t) (max. 20 vessels)

Supply vessels €5,000

Reference tonnage

14,000 t./year


Fishing possibilities

Tuna seiners 16 15 1 - 32
Surface longliners, tonnage above 100 7 4 - 2 13
Surface longliners tonnage 100 and below - 20 - - 20


The first fisheries agreement concluded between the EU and Madagascar dates back from 1986.