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Oceans and fisheries

Sea basins

Europe has a 68,000 km coastline along the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans, the Baltic, the North Sea, the Mediterranean, and the Black Sea.

The Arctic is an area that is rapidly changing and it is a high priority on the international agenda.

The Atlantic maritime strategy aims to support the sustainable development of blue economy in the EU countries bordering the Atlantic.

The Baltic Sea is the youngest sea on the planet, almost enclosed, experiencing near-arctic conditions..

The Black Sea is bordered by 2 EU countries – Bulgaria and Romania – as well as Georgia, Moldova, Russia, Turkey and Ukraine.

Half of the EU’s fishing fleet is active in the Mediterranean, mostly small-sized and artisanal vessels, together with increasing marine aquaculture..