On 10 March 2023 the European Commission and the High Representative adopted a Joint communication on the update of the EU Maritime Security Strategy and its Action Plan: An enhanced EU Maritime Security Strategy for evolving maritime threats.
The maritime security strategy promotes international peace and security, as well as respect for international rules and principles, while ensuring the sustainability of the oceans and the protection of biodiversity.
- protect EU interests at sea - citizens, economy, infrastructure, and borders
- protect our natural resources and the marine environment
- uphold international law, particularly the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea
- react promptly and effectively to growing threats (e.g., cyber and hybrid threats)
- ensure relevant training and education to counter threats (e.g., cyber skills)
Step up activities at sea
- organise an annual naval exercise at EU level
- reinforce existing EU naval operations
- develop further coastguard in sea basins around the EU
- expand the Coordinated Maritime Presences concept to new maritime areas of interest
Cooperate with partners
- deepen EU-NATO cooperation
- enhance partnerships with likeminded countries, regional and international organisations
- deploy EU liaison officers to maritime information centres in non-EU countries
- promote dialogue and best practices through the coast guard function forums
Enhance maritime domain situational awareness
- strengthen the Common Information Sharing Environment (CISE) and MARSUR
- reinforce coastal and offshore patrol vessel surveillance
Manage risks and threats
- conduct regular live maritime exercises involving civil and military entities
- monitor and protect critical maritime infrastructure and ships from physical and cyber threats
- tackle unexploded ordnance and mines at sea
- develop further awareness and preparedness to tackle threats linked to climate change and environmental degradation
- develop common requirements and concepts for defence technologies in the maritime domain
- step up work on projects such as the European Patrol Corvette or improving anti-submarine capabilities
Educate and train
- boost hybrid and cyber security qualifications notably on the civilian side
- conduct training and joint exercises open to non-EU partners
The updated strategy and action plan will go to the Council of the European Union for discussion and Council conclusions.
The Commission and the High Representative will issue a progress report within three years after the endorsement of the updated strategy by the Council.
The EUMSS and its action plan are in place since 2014. The action plan was last updated in 2018. The 2023 update follows up on the Council conclusions on maritime security of June 2021, which called on the Commission and the High Representative to assess the need for an update.
European Union Maritime Security Strategy
10 March 2023 Update of the EU Maritime Security Strategy and its Action Plan: An enhanced EU Maritime Security Strategy for evolving maritime threats
Euronews Ocean: Europe’s coast guards are preparing for the worst-case scenarios to ensure the best outcomes
Europe’s coast guards face many risks to keep our seas secure and safe. Good coordination in an emergency can mean the difference between life and death. To refine their skills and their efficiency, the guards regularly conduct exercises such as COASTEX.
Euronews Ocean: The ticking environmental time bombs lying on Europe's seafloor
In this episode, we’ll meet German bomb divers and join scientists from EMFF-funded BASTA and ExPloTect projects onboard a research cruise in the Baltic Sea to test new methods and technologies allowing to locate and map unexploded munitions on the seafloor. We’ll also visit a software development centre in Kiel, Germany, that relies on historic information, artificial intelligence and fusion of marine data for the detection and identification of munition in our oceans.